5.1 Innovating understanding
The standard assessment framework of accuracy, fluency and complexity cannot assess the mindreading ability, which is considered a basis of interpersonal communication or interaction.
Non-linguistic physical ability plays a very important role in actual communication, though it is usually dropped from the items of a paper-based standardized test.
Innovating our understanding of second language communication is crucial.
Imposition of a standardized test without a good understanding of second language communication is detrimental.
"Something that we know when on one asks us, but no longer know when we are supposed to give an account of it, is something that we need to remind ourselves of (and it is obviously something of which for some reason it is difficult to remind oneself.) " Wittgenstein (1953, Section 88)
5.2 Consistency and diversity
Consistency and diversity in curriculum should be maintained and developed through innovating our understanding of second language communication.
5.3 Remaining issues
'Emergence' in interaction
Literacy and written language.
Integrity and humanity
Why communicative language ability alone?
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